Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc Networks

Sulaiman abdo ghaleb


Mobile Ad hoc networking is a concept that is considered as a collection of nodes which connect with each other without any aid of centralized administration or constant infrastructure. The nodes which connect in mobile Ad hoc network can be laptops and/or any personal digital assistants, which are often limited resources; such as CPU capacity, storage capacity, battery power and bandwidth. In MANET there are lots of challenges that may affect the process of connection between the nodes.  One of these challenges is routing protocols through the communication between nodes, and because of the dynamic movement of nodes, the process of routing will be more difficult .The concept of routing protocols in Mobile Ad hoc network is the way of sending and receiving the packets between the source and the destination. In general the routing protocols are classified into three types. These are; proactive routing protocols, reactive protocols and lastly hybrid routing protocols. All routing protocols are used to manage, the process of routing through the connection of nodes in the MANET. In this paper we discuss the descriptions of different routing protocols in mobile Ad hoc networks.

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